Cancer Types – Too many ?
There are close to 100 types of cancers and is termed based on which organ it first originates. Most cancers form tumors, but not all tumors are cancerous.
|Description||The most commonly diagnosed cancers. Originate in the skin, lungs, breasts, pancreas and other organs and glands.||They are relatively uncommon. Sarcomas arise in bone, muscle, fat, blood vessels, cartilage, or other soft or connective tissues of the body.||Cancers that arise in the cells that make the pigment in skin.||Cancers of lymphocytes. These cells are in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body.||Cancer of blood. Caused by a rise in the number of white blood cells that crowd out the red blood cells platelets that your body needs to be healthy. |
1. Basal cell carcinoma (Most common and less risky)
2. Squamous cell carcinoma (Skin cancer)
3. Renal cell carcinoma (Kidney cancer)
4. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (Ducts of breast and easily curable)
5. Invasive ductal carcinoma (Breast cancer)
6. Adenocarcinoma (Lung, pancreatic and colorectal)
|50 types of sarcoma. They are grouped into 2 major types – Soft tissue sarcoma and bone or osteosarcoma .||Skin cancers include melanoma, basal cell, and squamous cell.||Non-Hodgkin: Most people with lymphoma have this type.|
|How fast it develops: Acute and Chronic leukemia.|
Acute leukemia happens when most of the abnormal blood cells don’t mature and can’t carry out normal functions. It can get bad very fast.
Chronic leukemia happens when there are some immature cells, but others are normal and can work the way they should. It gets bad more slowly than acute forms do.
What type of cell is involved: Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia involves bone marrow cells that become lymphocytes, a kind of white blood cell.
Myelogenous (or myeloid) leukemia involves the marrow cells that create red blood cells, platelets, and other kinds of white blood cells.
These are further divided into 4 types:
1. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
2. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
3. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
4. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)